Welcome to our health and wellness blog, where we focus on empowering women over 40 to achieve hormone balance, manage weight effectively, and optimize their overall health. In this article, we’ll explore the concept of insulin resistance, its symptoms, causes, and how to identify your risk through a simple home test. Understanding insulin resistance is crucial for women seeking to maintain a healthy and balanced lifestyle during this phase of life.

Insulin Resistance Symptoms:

Insulin resistance is a metabolic condition that affects how the body processes glucose, leading to elevated blood sugar levels. As women over 40, it’s essential to recognize the symptoms of insulin resistance, as they can significantly impact overall health and well-being. These are the top insulin resistance symptoms in women:

1. Unexplained Weight Gain: Women with insulin resistance may find it challenging to shed excess pounds despite following a healthy diet and exercising regularly. The body’s inability to use glucose effectively results in more glucose being stored as fat.

2. Increased Hunger and Cravings: Insulin resistance can trigger intense hunger and sugar cravings due to the body’s cells not receiving enough glucose. This can lead to overeating and difficulty in maintaining a balanced diet.

3. Fatigue and Low Energy Levels: When cells are unable to utilize glucose efficiently, energy levels may plummet, leading to constant fatigue and lethargy.

4. Skin Issues: Insulin resistance has been associated with skin conditions such as acanthosis nigricans, characterized by dark, thickened patches on the neck, armpits, or groin.

5. Hormonal Imbalances: Insulin resistance can disrupt the delicate balance of hormones in women over 40, potentially leading to irregular menstrual cycles, mood swings, and fertility challenges.

6. High Blood Pressure: Insulin resistance is often linked to elevated blood pressure levels, increasing the risk of cardiovascular issues.

7. Brain Fog and Difficulty Concentrating: Fluctuating blood sugar levels can affect cognitive function, resulting in difficulties focusing and mental clarity.

Causes of Insulin Resistance:

Understanding the causes of insulin resistance can help women over 40 take proactive steps in managing this condition effectively. And although these causes may be obvious, the women I work with cannot control the genetic and hormone changes that are responsible for insulin resistance symptoms.

1. Sedentary Lifestyle: Lack of physical activity is a significant contributor to insulin resistance. Engaging in regular exercise can improve insulin sensitivity and support overall health.

2. Poor Diet Choices: Consuming a diet high in refined carbohydrates, sugary foods, and processed items can exacerbate insulin resistance. Opting for a balanced diet rich in whole grains, lean proteins, fruits, and vegetables is essential for managing this condition.

3. Hormonal Changes: Women over 40 may experience hormonal fluctuations during perimenopause and menopause, which can contribute to insulin resistance.

4. Genetics: Family history can play a role in the development of insulin resistance, making some women more predisposed to this condition.

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A Simple Home Test to Screen for Insulin Resistance:

Now that we’ve explored insulin resistance symptoms and its causes, let’s discuss a straightforward and effective home test to assess your risk.

The Waist-to-Hip Ratio Test:

The Waist-to-Hip Ratio (WHR) test is a reliable home screening test for insulin resistance and can provide valuable insights into your overall health status.

**Step 1:** Gather the tools you need: Before you begin, grab a flexible tape measure and find a comfortable, well-lit space to carry out the test.

**Step 2:** Measure your waist circumference: Locate the narrowest part of your waist, typically just above your belly button. Wrap the tape measure around your waist without compressing the skin and take note of the measurement in centimeters or inches.

**Step 3:** Measure your hip circumference: Find the widest part of your hips and buttocks and wrap the tape measure around this area, making sure it’s parallel to the floor. Take note of this measurement as well.

**Step 4:** Calculate your Waist-to-Hip Ratio: Divide your waist circumference by your hip circumference using the following formula:

Waist-to-Hip Ratio = Waist Circumference ÷ Hip Circumference

**Step 5:** Understanding the results: In women, a Waist-to-Hip Ratio greater than 0.8 indicates an increased risk of insulin resistance, which can lead to type 2 diabetes if not addressed.

Interpreting Your Results:

If your WHR is less than 0.8: Congratulations! Your waist-to-hip ratio falls within a healthy range, indicating a lower risk of insulin resistance.

If your WHR is equal to or greater than 0.8: It’s essential to be proactive about your health. A WHR greater than 0.8 indicates an increased risk of insulin resistance and warrants further evaluation by a healthcare professional.


As a medical provider and health and wellness coach, understanding insulin resistance symptoms and risk factors is crucial in assisting women over 40 on their journey to hormonal balance and sustainable weight loss. By recognizing the symptoms early and taking the simple home test for insulin resistance, women can be proactive in managing their health effectively. Remember, a combination of a balanced diet, regular exercise, and personalized medical support can make a significant difference in preventing or managing insulin resistance and maintaining overall well-being. Stay informed, stay proactive, and together, we can achieve healthier and happier lives.

If you are struggling with insulin resistance symptoms and would like help, click to book a free call with my team.

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